The City of Oxford in England has introduced plans to create the world’s first Zero Emission Zone, taking a jump on local rival and neighbor London by introducing its restrictions at the beginning of 2020.
The Oxford City Council and Oxfordshire County Council put forward their proposal for a Zero Emission Zone in the Oxford city center on Wednesday in an attempt to yield “historic reductions in air pollution.” Transport for London is aiming to introduce a Ultra-Low Emission Zone in London in September 2020, but Oxford is looking to introduce a Zero Emission Zone at the beginning of 2020 which would ban emitting vehicles from city centers.
The bans would be introduced in phases starting with some vehicle types and a small number of streets in 2020, before moving to all vehicle types across the whole city center by 2035 as technology develops.
The plan would therefore drop air pollution levels in the Oxford city center down to near-background levels: For example, George Street, which is Oxford City’s most polluted street, would experience a 74% reduction in nitrogen dioxide levels by 2035.
“Toxic and illegal air pollution in the city centre is damaging the health of Oxford’s residents,” said Councillor John Tanner, Oxford City Council Executive Board Member for A Clean and Green Oxford. “A step change is urgently needed; the Zero Emission Zone is that step change.
“All of us who drive or use petrol or diesel vehicles through Oxford are contributing to the city’s toxic air. Everyone needs to do their bit – from national Government and local authorities, to businesses and residents – to end this public health emergency.”
The Zero Emission Zone proposals include in full:
From 2020: Non-zero emission taxis, cars, light commercial vehicles and buses excluded from Queen Street, Cornmarket Street, New Inn Hall Street, Market Street, Ship Street and St Michael’s Street
From 2025: Non-zero emission taxis, cars, light commercial vehicles and buses excluded from roads including New Road, the southern part of Worcester Street, George Street, Magdalen Street, Magdalen Street East, Pembroke Street, Speedwell Street, Norfolk Street and Castle Street
From 2030: Non-zero emission taxis, cars, light commercial vehicles and buses excluded from all roads within Hollybush Row, Hythe Bridge Street, Worcester Street, Beaumont Street, St Giles, part of Parks Road, South Parks Road, St Cross Road, Longwall Street, Merton Street, Blue Boar Street, St Aldate’s and Thames Street
From 2035: All non-zero-emission vehicles, including HGVs, excluded from within the above area
The results in terms of nitrogen dioxide levels include:
George Street: NO2 levels were 61µg/m3 in 2015, and are modeled to fall to 38µg/m3 in 2020 and 16µg/m 3 in 2035
High Street: NO2 levels were 54µg/m3 in 2015, and are modeled to fall to 35µg/m3 in 2020 and 17µg/m3 in 2035
St Aldate’s: NO2 levels were 49µg/m3 in 2015, and are modeled to fall to 33µg/m3 in 2020 and 16µg/m3 in 2035
St Clement’s Street: NO2 levels were 67µg/m3 in 2015, and are modeled to fall to 55µg/m3 in 2020 and 34µg/m3 in 2035
Phil Southall, Managing Director of the Oxford Bus Company, said: “One of our core values is being socially responsible to the people we serve and the environment we all share, and so we always embrace modern technology to ensure we are as green as possible. All of our fleet was upgraded to at least Euro 5 standard for the introduction of the Low Emission zone in 2014, and today we already have 70 Euro 6 vehicles, as well as 90 vehicles with hybrid systems fitted.
“We support the principle of a Zero Emission Zone in Oxford. However, zero emission bus and coach technology is still evolving so we will work with the City Council to identify the possible solutions for Oxford and the time frame in which they might be able to be deployed.”